How to Prevent Kidney Failure for PKD Patients
The clinical symptoms of Kidney Failure caused by Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) are complex. Besides the characteristic changes of back pain, abdominal mass (enlarged kidney), hematuria and other cystic kidneys, there are also many complications, such as hypertension, cyst infection, and cyst rupture. In advanced stage,there may be abdominal enlargement, lumbar swelling and pain, shortness of breath, urinary tract infection, nausea and vomiting, which make patients very painful.
So how do you specifically prevent PKD from causing renal failure?
1. Early detection of illness
According to statistics, PKD has a genetic tendency of 60% - 70%, and the incidence of PKD is roughly equal between men and women. So, in a family with a family history of PKD, there are many people who suffer from the disease at the same time.
Because PKD usually begins to present symptoms at the age of 25-35, and some patients are even found after symptoms of renal failure occur. Therefore, for people with family history of PKD, it is advisable to conduct general survey and regular follow-up so as to make early detection and timely treatment.
The diagnosis of PKD can be made by B-mode ultrasonography, CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Serum creatinine and urea nitrogen can reflect the degree of renal impairment and the stage of development of the disease, so regular examination is appropriate.
The method of gene diagnosis can understand the heredity of the fetus in the early pregnancy, which is helpful to improve the eugenic rate.
2. Early prevention and treatment of complications
Hypertension, urinary tract infection and cyst rupture are common complications of PKD, and are also important factors to induce and aggravate renal function damage, which must be treated and controlled in time. However, in the course of medication, attention should be paid to avoiding the nephrotoxicity of drugs.
If there is more than hematuria, or severe low back pain, abdominal pain and so on, it is likely that cyst infection accompanied by bleeding or rupture of renal cyst. In such a case, you had better go to hospital for treatment so as to avoid delaying the condition and aggravating renal failure.
3. Family nursing care
PKD renal failure is a chronic developing disease, which is often aggravated by emotional fluctuation, excessive fatigue or dietary disorders, falls and injuries.
Therefore, patients with PKD should maintain a relaxed mood, work-leisure combination, build up confidence to overcome the disease, and cooperate with treatment.
The diet should be fresh and light, but also rich in nutrition. To eat more fruits, appropriate control of protein intake, and eat less raw, cold, fat, sweet or spicy stimulating products. To quit smoking and drinking, and keep stool smooth. When hypertension and edema is obvious, sodium intake should be limited.
Some recreational activities can be properly participated in, but the lumbar and abdominal crush and collision should be prevented in order to avoid cyst rupture and bleeding. Those who are seriously ill need to rest in bed.
Therefore, patients should actively treat and early prevent the occurrence and development of polycystic kidney complications in order to protect the remaining renal function and avoid further damage to renal function. The clinical symptoms and renal function of most patients can be controlled or improved so long as they can receive proper and reasonable treatment, so that their condition can be relatively stable, their quality of life can be improved and their life can be prolonged. For more information on PKD treatment, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***