How to Reduce the Side Effects of Steroids for Nephrotic Syndrome Patients
How to reduce the side effects of steroids for Nephrotic Syndrome patients? Adrenocortical steroid has been recognized as the preferred drug at home and abroad, and prednisone is the basic drug. However, due to the large amount of steroids needed to treat kidney disease for a long time, it is easy to have more side effects and complications. Therefore, during the whole period of steroid therapy, the nursing of patients should be strengthened. Numerous clinical experiences have proved that the following three aspects of work can significantly reduce side effects and complications, and ensure that steroid therapy is not interrupted so as to improve the cure rate and reduce the recurrence rate.
Prevention of respiratory tract infection
Upper respiratory tract infection is a common disease. It is also the main cause of interruption of steroid therapy and recurrence of nephropathy. Therefore, prevention of upper respiratory tract infection should be put in an important position. The key points of strengthening prevention are to put on and take off clothes in time with the change of weather; to reduce the chances of going to public places; to prevent heatstroke, cold and cross infection; to keep indoor air fresh and circulating, and to maintain appropriate temperature and humidity.
Prevention of skin and oral infections
Because the use of steroids can reduce the body's resistance and immunity, patients are prone to infection when their skin is damaged or their mouth is unclean. To this end,
1. patients should bathe regularly, wash hands and feet in order to maintain skin cleanliness;
2. patients should not use too much force in bathing to prevent skin abrasion and skin damage caused by sharp instruments such as knives and scissors;
3. to pay attention to oral hygiene. Frequently rinse the mouth (including using warm boiled water after meals and medicines) and brush teeth 2-3 times a day;
4. to check up mouth regularly. Once oral inflammation or ulcer is found, the mouth should be rinsed with boric acid or compound borax solution in time, and Smecta and Yunnan Baiyao can be applied to the ulcer site to promote the healing of the ulcer as soon as possible. If you or your family are inexperienced or do not have the above medicines, you should go to the stomatology department of the hospital in time for diagnosis and treatment.
Prevention of excessive fatigue
For patients with stable kidney disease, they should be encouraged to go out more for activities, because this is conducive to the prevention of side effects such as hypercoagulability and osteoporosis. However, it should be noted that the activity must not be excessive, in order to avoid aggravating kidney disease caused by fatigue. Many experts advocate that patients' sleep at night must be guaranteed, no less than 8 hours a day (children should maintain 8-10 hours), and naps during the day, no less than 0.5 -1 hour. If the patient feels tired after activity, he should lie in bed in time to alleviate fatigue. In addition, the diet should be low salt, appropriate protein and calories, and encourage patients to eat more fruits and vegetables, drink more vegetable soup and lean broth. A reasonable diet can help enhance the physical strength and energy of patients, which can effectively reduce fatigue and associated symptoms, and help to enhance the defensive capacity of patients.
Nephrotic Syndrome is a chronic disease. Although drug treatment is an indispensable and important means, good nursing is also an indispensable and important work. As long as the nursing is proper, it can not only reduce the side effects and complications caused by long-term and large-scale medication, but also effectively improve the cure rate of the disease. Kidney patients and their families must not ignore this point.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***