One More Cup of Carbonated Drinks Can Increase the Risk of Kidney Failure by 29%
In daily life, most people like to drink soft drinks but these drinks are high in sugar and calories, which can increase your body weight and increase your risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. For this reason, in 2015, Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the American Heart Association recommend avoiding sugar in your diet. As more and more people are aware of the negative health effects of sugar-containing carbonated drinks, sugar-free carbonated drinks have become a new alternative.
But recent studies have shown that even diet soda can adversely affect glucose levels, increasing the risk of metabolic syndrome and diabetes.
Review of the study
The researchers studied 15,368 people with an average age of 54. Fifty-five percent were women and 27 percent were black. All subjects had no kidney disease and baseline eGFR averaged 102.5 ml/min/1.73 m2.
Diet soda is defined as an 8-ounce, low-calorie soft drink such as Diet coke, Diet Pepsi or Diet 7-up. Sugary drinks include cola, Pepsi, 7-up, lemonade, juice, etc. Subjects were divided into four groups based on beverage intake: <1 cup/week (43.5%), 1-4 cups/week (17.8%), 5-7 cups/week (25.3%), and > 7 cups/week (13.5%).
A total of 357 patients developed kidney failure during the follow-up. After the correction of gender, age, ethnicity, education level, smoking status, exercise, total calories, eGFR, BMI, diabetes and systolic blood pressure and blood uric acid, people with sugar-free carbonated beverage intake 1-4 cups per week, 5 to 7 cups per week and > 7 cups per week are higher than < 1 cup/weeks respectively 1.08 times (95% CI: 0.75 1.55), 1.33 (95% CI: 1.01 1.75) and 1.83 (95% CI: 1.01 2.52).
Drinking an extra sugar-free soda a day increased the risk of kidney disease by 29 percent. It is now generally accepted that sugary drinks (such as sodas and sugary juices) should be avoided to reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases. But the study showed that sugar-free carbonated beverages also carried an increased risk for kidney failure.
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