How Long Can Diabetic Nephropathy Patients Live
The incidence of Diabetic Nephropathy is very high, which is harmful to the patients' health. Then, how long can patients with diabetic nephropathy live?
How long you can live depends on patient’s illness condition and physical condition, and it also related to your treatment methods and individual’s physical condition. The 1-year survival rate of hemodialysis is over 80%, and the 5-year survival rate is about 45%. The 1-year and 4-year survival rates on peritoneal dialysis is also about 92% and 40%, respectively. For kidney transplant, five-year survival rate is over 60%. However, because diabetic nephropathy is often accompanied by systemic disease, the treatment is very difficult. Patients who die within 5 years are mainly with no timely treatment, too late dialysis, and some serious complications such as diabetes, high blood pressure and renal anemia.
Although Diabetic Nephropathy has great harm to your body, you can get rid of it if you can prevent diabetes well in your daily life.
Prevention methods for diabetic nephropathy
1. Control diabetes
Control blood sugar strictly, which is the key to reduce the risk of diabetic nephropathy.
2. Control high blood pressure
High blood pressure is the important contributor to diabetic nephropathy. Patients with proteinuria ≤500mg/day should control blood pressure within 130/80mmHg. And patients with proteinuria ≥500mg/day should control blood pressure to 125/75mmHg.
3. Restrict protein intake
Patients with early stage of diabetic nephropathy should restrict protein intake and 30-50g protein is good. Protein should be high quality animal protein like chicken, egg, milk and fish. Plant protein is not good due to its low bioavailability, which will workload your kidney function.
Diabetic Nephropathy is a common complication of diabetes. Corresponding nursing care should also be done while in the active treatment.
Nursing care for Diabetic Nephropathy
1. Take exercise scientifically and regularly
In the early stage of diabetic nephropathy, aerobic exercise based on brisk walking should be performed at least once a day after meals, for at least half an hour each time and at least five days a week. Avoid long-term and intense exercise. If clinical proteinuria occurs, you should not take intense exercise. Patients with obvious edema, high blood pressure or kidney dysfunction should stay in bed.
2. Routine monitoring cannot be ignored
Restrict fluid intake and observe the urine volume, color and character changes. If there is obvious abnormality, you should see your doctor immediately.
3. Prevent infection
Due to long-term hypoalbuminemia and decreased immunoglobulin, patients usually have decreased immunity and are easy to get infection. So diabetic nephropathy patients need to do morning and evening care to prevent oral and urinary tract infections.
The above are some suggestions for you. We hope it can do some help for you. If you need more information, you can leave a message below or consult our online doctor directly.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***