Precautions for the Elderly With Diabetic Nephropathy
Nowadays life is getting better and better, and people have no control over their diet. Many people have diabetes and kidney disease because of dietary problems. These two diseases are very harmful to the body. Generally, these two diseases occur in some elderly people, because the body immune function of the elderly is gradually weakening. What precautions should be taken for the elderly with Diabetic Nephropathy?
For the elderly suffering from diabetes and kidney disease, we must strictly control the diet, otherwise the two diseases are very harmful to the body, and will directly damage the visceral health. You must know what these precautions are.
1. To strictly control blood sugar
Hyperglycemia is considered to be the initial cause of kidney disease. Strict control of blood sugar can delay the progression of kidney disease in early clinical stage. If the patient can maintain normal blood sugar for a long time, the kidney function can be stable. The blood sugar concentration is positively correlated with the amount of urinary protein. It is necessary to carefully observe the reaction after treatment, such as changes of blood sugar, glycosylated serum protein index, urinary sugar and urinary ketone body, renal function changes, etc. To guide elderly patients to strictly implement dietary plan, and to control blood sugar below 6.5 mol/L as far as possible.
2. Attention should be paid to protecting blood vessels.
Most elderly patients with Diabetic Nephropathy are characterized by poor vascular elasticity, fine, brittle and hard blood vessels. Venipuncture should be performed gently and directly. The selection of blood vessels should follow the principle of from small to large and from far to near. The arteries and veins of the forearm should be protected as well as possible so as to be retained for hemodialysis, which is particularly important.
3. Strict control of blood pressure
Hypertension in patients with diabetic nephropathy has an important impact on the progress of kidney disease. At the same time, strict control of blood pressure can delay the development of diabetic nephropathy. Blood pressure should be monitored routinely every day. Those whose blood pressure ≥ 150/90 mmHg have indications of using antihypertensive drugs. Converting enzyme inhibitors are the first choice when renal function is normal, and calcium channel blockers are the first choice when renal function is decreased. Observe the blood pressure of patients using antihypertensive drugs carefully, report to the doctor at any time, and timely adjust the application of antihypertensive drugs.
This article gives you some information about the elderly diabetic nephropathy, hoping to draw your attention to these two diseases. After the elderly suffer from disease, the various abilities of the body are gradually declining, so is the resistance to disease, so we must pay attention to some details of life.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***