Hearing Loss and Diabetes Mellitus
Many diabetic patients know that Diabetes can lead to diabetic foot, visual impairment and so on, but few people know that diabetes can damage the hearing system. In fact, diabetic ear disease is also one of the important chronic complications of diabetes. The incidence of deafness in diabetic patients is as high as 35%-50%.
Why does diabetes affect hearing?
The arteries supplying blood to ear are divided into vestibular artery and cochlear artery, which correspond to our auditory and balance functions respectively. These two vessels are small terminal arteries, and there is no collateral circulation to compensate. When diabetic patients suffer from vascular diseases due to poor long-term blood sugar control, the above nutrient nerve vessels will be affected first, leading to vascular lumen stenosis or occlusion.
It is worth mentioning that ears are one of the most sensitive organs to ischemia and hypoxia in the whole body. When ischemia persists, the hair cells of cochlea which are responsible for hearing function appear progressive irreversible damage.
Patients first show mild impairment such as tinnitus, dizziness, ear swelling, etc. If during this period, patients do not receive timely treatment, there will be behavioral characteristics such as "unable to hear others speak, the volume of radio and television is very high", and often by this time, our hearing has been very difficult to recover.
How to prevent hearing loss for diabetics?
Preventing and controlling early pathological changes is very important! Once “metabolic otopathy" develops into deafness, it will be irreversible, and there is no good treatment. Here, I would like to give you the following suggestions:
1. Systematic treatment of basic diseases should be carried out in regular hospitals. Blood sugar should be strictly controlled, and effective diabetes management should be carried out to avoid excessive fluctuation of blood sugar level.
2. Always pay attention to their own hearing changes. If there are tinnitus, dizziness or hearing system changes, they need to go to the hospital in time to avoid delaying the condition.
3. For diabetic patients, they should have planned and timely audiometry to detect subtle changes in hearing.
4. Don't overwork and keep a healthy mind.
5. Avoid too noisy environment so as not to form a strong stimulation to the ear. Listening to music and radio should be moderate. Do not wear headphones.
Hearing loss is a common complication of diabetes. If you want to avoid it, you should take preventative measures as early as possible. For more information on diabetes, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***