How Do Diabetic Patients Protect Their Eyes
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the serious complications of Diabetes Mellitus. It is an important cause of blindness. Today, with the increasing number of diabetic patients, it is urgent to prevent retinopathy. How do diabetic patients protect their eyes?
Definition of diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic patients show abnormal blood sugar metabolism and abnormal increase of blood sugar. Diabetic hyperglycemia can damage retinal blood vessels, lead to vascular atresia and hypoxia of retinal tissue, resulting in a series of pathological changes such as microangioma, edema, exudation, hemorrhage, neovascularization and vitreous proliferative lesions in the retina, called diabetic retinopathy.
The best way for diabetic patients to prevent diabetic retinopathy is to have regular eye examinations. When your doctor first diagnosed you with diabetes, you should have a check-up, at least once every two years. And the remaining thing is to do a good job of eye care.
So, how should diabetics protect their eyes in life?
1. Controlling blood sugar
Controlling blood sugar concentration, especially after meal, must be controlled. If blood sugar is below 10.0 mmol/L in 2 hours after meal, the occurrence and development of retinopathy can be greatly reduced or delayed. It is suggested that fasting blood sugar should be controlled below 7.0 mmol/L and postprandial blood sugar should be controlled below 10.0 mmol/L.
2. Reducing blood pressure
Hypertension can increase the incidence of diabetic retinopathy and aggravate the condition. Therefore, early detection and active treatment of hypertension is also an important aspect of prevention and treatment of diabetic retinopathy. It is recommended that blood pressure be controlled below 130/80 mmHg.
3. Active treatment of dyslipidemia
Because lipids accumulate in the macula of the retina, it is easy to cause central vision loss and blindness. It is suggested to control cholesterol below 4.5 mmol/L and triglyceride below 1.4 mmol/L.
4. Quitting smoking
Smoking can cause vasospasm and promote the occurrence and development of diabetic retinopathy. Therefore, diabetic patients must completely stop smoking.
5. Weight control
Overweight can not only increase blood sugar concentration, but also increase the burden of heart and kidney and induce hypertension. Therefore, diabetic patients must pay attention to weight control, and overweight people should pay attention to weight loss.
How do diabetic patients protect their eyes? Now you get the answer. For more information on diabetes, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***