4 Essential Vitamins For Diabetes
Diabetes patients know that they should eat more vegetables and fruits in their daily life. Supplementing more vitamins is helpful for controlling their condition. However, which vitamins are good for diabetics?
β-carotene contains hypoglycemic substance which is a good food for diabetics. The molecular structure of β-carotene is equivalent to 2 molecules of vitamin A. After entering your body, through the action of enzymes in your liver and small intestinal mucosa, 50% β-carotene will become vitamin A, which has the effect of reinforcing liver and improving eyesight. Diabetes patients who have a risk of diabetic eye disease should consume β-carotene properly.
2. Vitamin C
Vitamin C can eliminate free radical, prevent diabetes with neurological and vascular diseases. Vitamins are also antioxidants. And antioxidants such as vitamins C, E and a-lipoic acid may help prevent diabetes complications, according to a study by medical scientists in the United States, Switzerland and Germany. Diabetes patients can eat more strawberries, oranges, apples, green leafy vegetables, spinach and so on. Vitamin C can reduce plasma lipid peroxide, reduce blood total cholesterol, triacyl glycerin, improve high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alleviate microalbuminuria and early diabetic retinopathy. The recommended daily intake for adults is 60mg, and diabetes patients can supplement 100-500mg.
3. Vitamin E
A study in Finland and the United States found that people who lack vitamin E are more likely to develop diabetes. Men with low levels of vitamin E were four-fold higher risk of diabetes. Vitamin E has a synergistic effect with beta carotene. The recommended daily intake of vitamin E is 14mg for normal people, while vitamin E 100-200mg for diabetics can prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
4. B group vitamins
Studies have shown that vitamin B7 can help diabetics control their blood sugar levels and prevent nerve damage from the disease.Vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and other B group vitamins are the main components of coenzyme of sugar metabolism, and can also assist in the treatment of multiple neuritis. Diabetic patients should also appropriately supplement B group vitamins.
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