How Do Electrolytes Affect Kidney Function
For kidney patients, it is likely for them to have electrolyte disorders. Without timely treatment, the disorders can cause further kidney damage. How do electrolytes affect kidney function? Read on to learn more information.
Regulating electrolyte balance is an important function of the kidney. In the early stage of kidney disease, the impairment of renal function is relatively mild, and electrolyte examination usually does not show obvious abnormalities. However, with the deterioration of renal functions, the complications caused by electrolyte abnormalities become more and more obvious, which seriously threatens the development of renal function.
Many kidney patients have heard the word "electrolyte" but do not understand it very well. Blood electrolyte examination mainly detects the changes of calcium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, chlorine and other indicators to judge the filtration of renal function. Three of these indicators are critical:
As the metabolic ability of kidney function becomes worse, excess potassium ions accumulate in the body, which easily leads to hyperkalemia. Hyperkalemia not only aggravates the metabolic burden of kidney, but also causes cardiac and nerve-related diseases, such as arrhythmia, decreased myocardial tension, limbs and perioral numbness, muscle soreness and so on, which are unfavorable to the treatment of kidney disease.
Usually, patients with Kidney Failure and uremia are prone to hyperkalemia. We should pay attention to the prevention and treatment of this complication. It is safer to keep the blood potassium concentration below 5.3 mmol/L. We can take antidotes and avoid eating high potassium food during potassium control.
Kidney disease patients often suffer from calcium absorption disorders and increased calcium loss, leading to hypocalcemia and osteoporosis, and even serious impact on walking. To supplement calcium, kidney patients can choose to eat some medicines such as calcium carbonate tablets, eat some foods containing high calcium, such as eggs, milk and so on. But we should also pay attention to the risk of high calcium caused by excessive calcium supplementation, so we should pay attention to monitoring blood calcium. Normal serum calcium concentration is 2.25-2.75 mmol/L, but some patients may have different values for their own condition differences, for example, dialysis patients may be slightly higher.
Patients with renal failure may have the condition of "low calcium and high phosphorus", which is mainly related to abnormal thyroid function. The occurrence of hyperphosphatism will lead to the reduction of bone mineral in the body, and will also aggravate the osteoporosis and increase the occurrence of renal osteopathy. To reduce the level of blood phosphorus, calcium phosphate binders such as calcium carbonate and calcium acetate can be taken to regulate the balance of calcium and phosphorus, and some capsules such as Willam can also be taken to promote phosphorus metabolism. Besides, pay attention to low intake of high phosphorus foods, such as beverages, dairy products, animal viscera and nuts.
How do electrolytes affect kidney function? Now you get the answer. In the daily, you should do checkups regularly to see whether your electrolytes are within normal range. For more information on kidney disease treatment, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***