How to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease for Kidney Patients
Cardiovascular Disease is the leading cause of death in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (including non-dialysis, Dialysis or kidney transplant patients). Reasonable prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases are of great help to prolong the life span and improve the quality of life of CKD patients.
Before preventing cardiovascular disease, let’s have a look at why CKD and cardiovascular disease are closely linked.
For the general population, the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases are high blood pressure, Diabetes, smoking, drinking, less physical exercise, rise of low density lipoprotein, and decline of high density lipoprotein and so on.
What are the risk factors for cardiovascular disease in kidney patients?
Decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR), proteinuria, increased activity of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, anemia, inflammation, oxidative stress response and so on.
Different from the risk factors of cardiovascular risk faced by the general population, kidney patients have the risk of the general population plus the risk of kidney disease.
The double risk increases the risk of cardiovascular disease in kidney patients.
How can kidney patients prevent and manage cardiovascular disease?
1. Life management
Life adjustment is an essential part in any disease treatment. To strengthen life management, including smoking, drinking, weight control, diet adjustment, etc. Life management is the basis for the prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases.
2. Blood pressure control
Long-term hypertension can cause damage to heart, brain, kidney and other important organs, while kidney disease can cause and aggravate hypertension. Therefore, stabilizing blood pressure is an indispensable part of controlling cardiovascular complications.
For CKD patients, the antihypertensive drugs of ACRI and ARBs are the first choice to stabilize blood pressure. These two drugs can not only reduce blood pressure, but also decrease proteinuria and protect renal function.
3. Anemia correction
When kidney disease is serious, the patient is often accompanied by anemia, because the kidney secretes erythropoietin to increase the production of red blood cells, if the kidney is seriously damaged, insufficient erythropoietin secretion will reduce the number of red blood cells, and then anemia will occur. Anemia will increase the risk of stroke.
In fact, there are many risk factors to be managed, such as controlling blood sugar and improving lipid disorder.
No matter what stage the kidney disease is in, we should be prepared for the prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, because once it happens, the result will be fatal. For more information on cardiovascular disease and kidney disease, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***